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Pharmacist Immunization Interventions Boost Public Vaccination Rate, Study Finds

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Under-utilization of immunization services remains a significant public health challenge. Pharmacists are increasingly acting as facilitators and immunisers, but there has been little robust evidence of the impact this has on patient health outcomes and vaccination uptake.

Non-randomized and randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) were evaluated to assess the influence of pharmacist interventions on public vaccination rates. The study included a range of vaccine types such as influenza, pneumococcal, herpes zoster, tetanus-diphtheria, and pertussis. The vaccines were administered in various settings, including community pharmacies.

Immunization

Elevating Immunization Rates: The Influential Role of Pharmacists in Public Health

The analysis revealed that compared to usual care, pharmacist interventions improved the overall immunisation uptake by up to 51%. Notably, the frequency of immunization doubled when pharmacists acted specifically as advocators. This finding suggests that pharmacists play a significant role in boosting the public vaccination rate.

However, the evidence for pharmacist immunisers was mixed. While their contribution to immunization programs was evident, the extent of their influence varied. Pharmacists demonstrated leadership and played indispensable roles as advocators in community and hospital settings. These findings suggest that the depth of engagement by pharmacists could influence the extent of immunization uptake.

Future research could explore the depth of pharmacist engagement and its impact on immunization uptake. The role of pharmacists as key players in public health initiatives and their potential to enhance vaccination rates are evident, but more exploration and understanding of this role are needed.

 

Original Article DOI: 10.1080/20523211.2023.2285955

Original title: Impact of pharmacist interventions on immunisation uptake: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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