Monday, July 15, 2024

Private Sector Engagement Crucial for Achieving Universal Health Coverage

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In an ambitious stride towards achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC), the role of the private sector has been spotlighted as indispensable. Through an extensive scoping review, researchers have laid out the critical factors influencing private sector participation, underscoring its potential to bridge gaps in healthcare provision. This comprehensive analysis, encompassing both challenges and facilitators, provides a strategic blueprint for policymakers aiming to foster collaboration and enhance healthcare accessibility.

Study Objective and Methodology

The primary objective of this study was to pinpoint the determinants affecting private sector involvement in the quest for UHC. Utilizing the Arkesy & O’Malley frameworks, data were meticulously gathered from numerous databases including MEDLINE, Web of Sciences, and Embase, among others. Additional manual searches and grey literature reviews were conducted, ensuring a thorough data collection process. EndNote X8 software facilitated the management and screening of studies, while independent content analysis was performed by two research team members.

Key Findings and Classifications

From an initial pool of 588 studies, 43 were deemed relevant. The findings were systematically categorized into four primary domains: challenges and barriers, facilitators, reasons for engagement, and goals. Specifically, barriers and challenges encompassed 59 items across 13 categories, while facilitators included 50 items within nine categories. Additionally, reasons for engagement were identified in 30 items across five categories, and goals comprised 24 items within six categories.

These classifications reveal the nuanced landscape of private sector engagement, highlighting both the obstacles and the potential pathways for effective partnerships. Market access emerges as a pivotal factor, as overcoming barriers can significantly enhance the private sector’s ability to contribute to UHC.

In-Depth Inferences

Concrete and valuable insights derived from the study include:

  • The necessity for policy frameworks that incentivize private sector investment in healthcare infrastructure.
  • The importance of streamlining regulatory processes to facilitate smoother market entry and participation.
  • Enhancing public-private partnerships through strategic alignment of goals and resources.
  • Addressing financial barriers to ensure equitable access to healthcare services.
  • Leveraging technological advancements to improve service delivery and healthcare outcomes.

These insights not only outline the current state of private sector engagement but also provide a roadmap for future initiatives aimed at achieving UHC.

In conclusion, this study underscores the critical role of the private sector in achieving Universal Health Coverage. The detailed analysis of barriers, facilitators, reasons, and goals offers valuable guidance for policymakers and planners. By harnessing these insights, there is potential to significantly advance organizational synergy and healthcare accessibility.

Original Article:

Glob Health Action. 2024 Dec 31;17(1):2375672. doi: 10.1080/16549716.2024.2375672. Epub 2024 Jul 11.

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BACKGROUND: Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is one of the most important strategies adopted by countries in achieving goals of sustainable development. To achieve UHC, the governments need the engagement of the private sector.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting private sector engagement in achieving universal health coverage.

METHODS: The study is a scoping review that utilizes Arkesy & O’Malley frameworks. Data collection was conducted in MEDLINE, Web of Sciences, Embase, ProQuest, SID, and MagIran databases and the Google Scholar search engine. Also, manual searches of journals and websites, reference checks, and grey literature searches were done using specific keywords. To manage and screen the studies, EndNote X8 software was used. Data extraction and analysis was done by two members of the research team, independently and using content analysis.

RESULTS: According to the results, 43 studies out of 588 studies were included. Most of the studies were international (18 studies). Extracted data were divided into four main categories: challenges, barriers, facilitators, goals, and reasons for engagement. After exclusion and integration of identified data, these categories were classified in the following manner: barriers and challenges with 59 items and in 13 categories, facilitators in 50 items and 9 categories, reasons with 30 items, and in 5 categories and goals with 24 items and 6 categories.

CONCLUSION: Utilizing the experience of different countries, challenges and barriers, facilitators, reasons, and goals were analyzed and classified. This investigation can be used to develop the engagement of the private sector and organizational synergy in achieving UHC by policymakers and planners.

PMID:38989553 | DOI:10.1080/16549716.2024.2375672

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