Monday, July 15, 2024

Psychoeducational Group Interventions for ADHD in Adults: A Comprehensive Review

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Psychoeducational group interventions for adults diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are receiving increasing attention in the mental health community. Despite this growing interest, an all-encompassing review focused on the feasibility, acceptability, and outcome measures of these interventions remains scarce. This scoping review aims to fill that gap by synthesizing existing evidence on the topic, offering a detailed overview of various indicators and patients’ experiences.

A structured literature search was conducted across seven bibliographic databases, and the results were independently reviewed and data extracted by two reviewers. The PRISMA-S guidelines ensured the transparency and rigor of this process.

Study Findings

Out of 7510 records initially identified, eight studies met the inclusion criteria. These studies were conducted primarily in Europe and the United States, employing various research designs such as randomized control trials, open feasibility trials, and pre-post intervention designs. All included studies reported feasibility and acceptability indicators, with some also reporting on the severity of ADHD symptoms, psychological or mental-health outcomes, quality of life, knowledge about ADHD, self-esteem, functioning, and impairment.

Outcome Measures

The results showed that psychoeducational group interventions are generally well-received by patients, with high satisfaction rates, good attendance, and low dropout rates. Additionally, these interventions demonstrated positive effects on ADHD symptoms and mental health, underscoring their potential benefits for adults with ADHD. However, disparities in the reporting of feasibility and acceptability indicators across studies highlight the need for standardized measures.

Practical Inferences

– Psychoeducational group interventions can effectively reduce ADHD and mental health symptoms in adults.
– Patient satisfaction and engagement are generally high in these group settings.
– There is a need for standardized reporting metrics to better compare outcomes across studies.
– Future research should focus on long-term effects and the sustainability of these interventions.

In conclusion, this scoping review confirms that psychoeducational group interventions are feasible and acceptable for adults with ADHD, offering measurable benefits in symptom reduction and overall mental health. Nonetheless, the study also identifies gaps in the current research, calling for further standardized and comprehensive reporting on feasibility and outcome measures.

Original Article: BMC Psychiatry. 2024 Jun 20;24(1):463. doi: 10.1186/s12888-024-05908-8.

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